SWEC is located at St George Private and Public Hospitals
(02) 9553 6500

Associate Professor Gregory M Cario

Associate Professor Gregory M Cario

Associate Professor Gregory M Cario MBBS FRCOG FRANZCOG  is a founder and director of SWEC. As a pioneer in advanced laparoscopic surgery in Australia, he was one of the first surgeons to perform the laparoscopic Burch colposuspension, laparoscopic tubal reanastomosis and laparoscopic mesh sacrocolpopexy procedures; allowing many women diagnosed with surgical cases to be treated in a faster, less painful and practical manner.

He has performed over 500 laparoscopic Burch colposuspensions, laparoscopic hysterectomies and just as many pelvic floor reconstructions.

Associate Professor Cario lectures and demonstrates widely at conferences both in Australia and around the world presenting his published research, which covers all aspects of laparoscopic surgery.

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Qualifications

M.B.B.S Honours Sydney University
M.R.A.C.O.G. Melbourne April ’82
M.R.C.O.G. London July ’82
F.R.A.C.O.G. April ’85
F.R.C.O.G July ’95

Appointments

Director of Sydney Women’s Endosurgery Centre St George Hospital
Director of St George Urodynamics Unit St George Hospital
VMO St George Hospital, St George Private Hospital
VMO Hurstville Private Hospital
VMO Macquarie University Hospital

Clinical Experience

In the UK I enjoyed a secondment to Stuart Stanton at the Urogynaecology Unit at St George’s Hospital. He showed me how to perform Burch Colposuspension and I worked with the fellow to become proficient at Urodynamics. I subsequently set up the first Urodynamic service at The West Middlesex hospital which still continues to this day.

Following my return from the UK and my VMO appointment in 1985 I founded the St George Urodynamic Centre providing the only Urodynamic service in Sydney South.

Following on from this I developed and interest in Endoscopic Surgery, attending the first workshop in hysteroscopic surgery and laparoscopic surgery in Australia, in the early 1990’s.

In 1991 I embarked on my first laparoscopic hysterectomy. Not long after this I followed my interest in pelvic floor surgery to perform a laparoscopic Burch colposuspension in 1992, which I believe to be the first time it was successfully performed in Australia. At that time I set up an Endosurgery Unit at Hurstville Community Hospital and was asked to join Sydney’s first Gynaecological Endoscopy group at Liverpool Hospital. I began performing animal workshops and lecturing in laparoscopic surgery at major meetings throughout Australia.

In 1995 I was the co-founder of the Sydney Women’s Endosurgery Centre (SWEC). It has subsequently become the major Endosurgery Training Centre in Australia both at postgraduate and post-consultant level. Because of the extensive research facilities and the Research Fellows associated with the Unit, we have been able to publish widely both in Australia and internationally.

I have presented major work in Endosurgery in Australia, Asia, Europe and America. I have received an Award at the Seattle meeting of the A.A.G.L. in 1997 for my presentation of “The Learning Curve for Laparoscopic Hysterectomy”. This was judged one of the best papers presented at the Meeting. In December 1998 at the International Meeting for the Society of Laparoscopic Surgeons, we were once again successful in presenting a paper on “Venous return during laparoscopic surgery” which was judged the best gynaecological paper in endoscopy presented at that meeting.

I became a director and board member of the Australian Gynaecology Endosurgery Society (AGES) from 2002 to 2007 where we helped establish accreditation levels for Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery. I continue to be active in the society on various subcommittee like the Education, Research and Grant committee.

I have also preceptored doctors in almost every state in Australia over many years to teach Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy and Pelvic Floor Reconstruction and the fundamentals of Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery.

I have been invited to perform surgery throughout Australia, Asia, the Middle East and in the UK. I have operated at 2 Internati

Professional Memberships

American Association of Gynaecological Laparoscopists
International Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy
British Society of Gynaecological Endoscopy
Society of Laparoscopic Surgeons

International Urogynaecological Association
AMA
NASOG
ESGE
Foundation faculty member of Ectopic Pregnancy Foundation – UK

Awards

Publications

  • 2018

    45.  Surgical management of complete procidentia in a female patient with bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex: Case report and literature review.

    Pacquee S, Conrad D, Saar T, Sarofim M, Rosen D, Cario G, Chou D, Smet M.

    Gynaecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy 2018

    46.  Laparoscopic Myomectomy of a 4.2kg fibroid with assistance of a Minilaparotomy.

    Conrad D, Saar T, Pacquee S, Sarofim M, Rosen D, Cario G, Chou D.

    Gynaecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy 2018

    47.  Endometriosis involving the Sciatic Nerve: A case report of isolated endometriosis of the Sciatic Nerve and review of the literature.

    Saar T, Conrad D, Pacquee S, Sarofim M, De Rosnay P, Rosen D, Cario G, Chou D.

    Gynaecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy 2018

  • 2011 ~ 2014

    38.  Is hysterectomy necessary for laparoscopic pelvic floor repair? A prospective study.

    Rosen D, Shukla A, Cario G, Carlton M, Chou D.

    J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2008 Nov-Dec; 15(^): 729-34

    39.  Uterine perfusion following laparoscopic clipping of uterine arteries at myomectomy.

    Rosen D, Hamani Y, Cario G, Chou D.

    ANZJOG 2009:49:559-560.

    40.  Anterior Approach to Laparoscopic Uterine Artery Ligation.
    Aust T, Reyftmann L, Rosen D, Cario G, Chou D.

    J Minim Invasive Gynecol. (2011) 18, 792-795.

    41.  Tissue extraction.
    Aust T, Cario G, Rosen D, Chou D.

    Royal College of Obstetrician and Gynaecologist Journal 2011.

    42.  Can we predict pouch of Douglas obliteration in women with suspected endometriosis using a new real-time dynamic transvaginal ultrasound technique: the “sliding sign”

    Reid S, Lu C, Casikar I, Reid G, Abbott J, Cario G, Chou D, Kowalski D, Cooper M, Condous G.
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. vol. 41, pp. 685-691. Sept 2012

    43.  Office gel sonovaginography for the diagnosis of posterior deep infiltrating endometriosis: a multicenter prospective observational study.

    Reid S, Lu C, Hardy N, Casikar I, Reid G, Abbott J, Cario G, Chou D, AlMashat D, Condous G.
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2014 May 26. doi:10.1002/uog.13422

    44.  Sydney Contained in Bag Morcellation for Laparoscopic Myomectomy.

    Kanade T, McKenna J, Choi S, Tsai B, Rosen D, Cario G, Chou D.
    J Minim Invasive Gynecol. Vol. 21, Issue 6, p981 July 2014

  • 1997 ~ 2009

    22.  Vault haematoma after Laparoscopic hysterectomy.

    Rosen D, Cario G, Carlton M, Lam A.

    Aust NZ J Obstet Gynaecol 1997; 37:220-222

    23.  Return to work following Laparoscopic hysterectomy.

    Rosen D, Cario G.

    Gynae Endoscopy 1997; 6:261-264

    24.  Patent Urachus.

    Cooper M, Cario G, Carlton M.

    Gynaecological Endoscopy 1997;6:252

    25.  The safety of laparoscopic management for ovarian dermoid tumours

    Rosen D, Lam A, Carlton M, Cario G.

    Aust NZ J Obstet Gynaecol :1998: 38(1):77-79

    26.  Methods of creating pneumoperitoneum – A review of techniques and complications. 

    Rosen D, Lam A, Chapman M, Carlton M, Cario G.

    Obstet Gynae Survey 1998;53:167-174

    27.  Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring: what is normal?

    Brown M, Robinson A, Bowyer L, Buddle M, Martin A, Hargood J, Cario G.

    Am J OB Gyn 1998; 178(4):836-42

    28.  An assessment of the learning curve for total laparoscopic hysterectomy

    Rosen D, Cario G, Carlton M, Lam A.

    Gynae Endoscopy 1998; 7(6):289-294

    29.  The safety of laparoscopic management for ovarian dermoid tumours
    Rosen D, Lam A, Carlton M, Cario G.
    Aust NZ J Obstet Gynaecol :1998: 38(1):77-79

    30.  Methods of creating pneumoperitoneum – A review of techniques and complications.

    Rosen D, Lam A, Chapman M, Carlton M, Cario G.
    Obstet Gynae Survey 1998;53:167-174

    31. Analgesia following major gynaecological Laparoscopic surgery; PCA versus intermittent intramuscular injection.

    Rosen D, Lam A, Carlton M, Cario G, McBride L.
    JSLS 1998 ;2:25-29

    32.  Home within 24 hours of laparoscopic hysterectomy

    Chou D, Rosen D, Cario G, Carlton M, Chapman M, Johns C.

    Aust NZ J Obstet Gynaecol 1999; 39: 234-238

    33.  Lower limb venous flow during operative laparoscopic surgery.

    Rosen D, Chou D, Carlton M, Cario G, Lam A.
    Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques 2000; 10(3): 158-62

    34.  Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy with Laparoscopic Coagulating Shears:  A Retrospective Report of 200 Consecutive Cases.

    Cario G, Carlton M.

    Aust NZJ Obstet Gynaecol 2001; 41:3 : 307

    35.  Endometriosis of the urinary tract: An Australian Collaborative study

    Lam A, Cario G et al.

    J AAGL August 2002;9,530

    36.  Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy:  A Tried and Tested Technique

    Elkington N, Cario G, Rosen D, Carlton M, Chou D

    J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2005 May-Jun ; 12(3): 267-74

    37.  Major complications arising from 1265 operative laparoscopic cases: a prospective review from a single centre.

    Johnston K, Rosen D, Cario G et al.

    J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2007;14: 339-344.

    38.  Is hysterectomy necessary for laparoscopic pelvic floor repair? A prospective study.

    Rosen D, Shukla A, Cario G, Carlton M, Chou D.

    J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2008 Nov-Dec; 15(^): 729-34

    39.  Uterine perfusion following laparoscopic clipping of uterine arteries at myomectomy.

    Rosen D, Hamani Y, Cario G, Chou D.

    ANZJOG 2009:49:559-560.

  • 1993 ~ 1996

    11.  Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring during pregnancy: comparison with mercury sphygmomanometry.

    Brown M, Buddle M, Cario G, Whitworth J.

    Am J Hypertension 1993; 6(9): 745-9

    12.  Albumin excretory rate in normal and hypertensive pregnancy.

    Brown M, Wang M, Buddle M, Carlton M, Cario G, Zammit V, Worth J.

    Clinical Science 1994;86(3):251-5

    13.  Edothelin excretion in hypertensive pregnancy: relationship to glomerular filtration rate, blood pressure and sodium excretion.

    Wang M, Brown M, Buddle M, Carlton M, Cario G, Whitworth J.

    Am J Hypertension 1994:7:308-313

    14.  Laparoscopic Burch Colposuspension 

    Cario G, Carlton M, Quinn F.

    The Australian Experience. Abstract and presentation: Workshop on Laparoscopic surgery in gynaecology, Liverpool Hospital, 21-23 May 1994.

    15.  Laparoscopic Burch Colposuspension. 

    Cario G, Carlton M, Quinn F.

    Abstract and presentation.  Australian Gynaecological Endoscopy Society: 4th Annual Scientific Meeting, 5-8 October 1994.

    16.  Urinary albumin excretion rates in normal and hypertensive pregnancy.

    Brown M, Wang M, Buddle M, Carlton M, Cario G, Whitworth J.

    Kidney International 1994; 45:1269

    17.  Urinary endothelial excretion in normal and hypertensive pregnancy

    Wang M, Brown M, Buddle M, Carlton M, Cario G, Whitworth J.

    Kidney International 1994; 45:1270

    18.  Renal dysfunction in pre-eclampsia: impaired natriuresis and renin release following frusemide.

    Brown M, Reiter L, Wang M, Zammit V, Carlton M, Cario G, Rodger A,

    Whitworth J.

    Kidney International, 1994; 45:1277-8

    19.  Nitric oxide excretion in normal and hypertensive pregnancies.

    Brown M, Tibben E, Zammit V, Cario G, Carlton M.

    Hypertension in Pregnancy 1995; 14:319-326

    20.  A series of 113 Laparoscopic colposuspensions.

    Cooper M, Cario G, Lam A, Carlton M.

    Aust NZ J Obstet Gynaecol 1996;36:1:44-48

    21.  Complications of 174 Laparoscopic hysterectomies.

    Cooper M, Cario G, Lam A, Carlton A, Vaughan G, Hammil P.

    Aust NZ J Obstet Gynaecol 1996;36:1:36-38

  • 1983 ~ 1985

    1.  Placenta Percreta Presenting as Intra-abdominal Antepartum Haemorrhage:  Case Report

    Cario G, Adler A, Morris N.
    British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
    May 1983 Vol.90: 491 – 493

    2.  Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Vulva in Association with Mixed Vulvula Dystrophy in an 18-year-old girl
    Cario G, House M and Paradinas F.

    British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

    January 1984, Vol. 91: 87-90

    3.  An unusual set of triplets: Twin Intrauterine Pregnancy with Singleton Extrauterine Pregnancy

    Cario G, Carlton M.

    Aust. NZ Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (1984) 24: 51-54

    4.  Conservative Management of Prolonged Pregnancy using Foetal Heart Monitoring only: A Prospective Study

    Cario G.

    British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

    January 1984 Vol. 91: 23-30

    5.  Postcoital Testing of Peritoneal Fluid Aspirate

    Cario G, Macourt D, Clingan P.

    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (1984) 4: 198-199

    6.  Prolonged Pregnancy and Foetal Monitoring: Abstract:

    Cario G.

    Obstetrics and Gynaecology Digest – Jan 1985

    7.  The Obstetrics Performance of Elderly Primigravida

    Cario G, Fray R, Norris N.

    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, January 1985

    8.  Episiotomy and the Perineum.  To tear or not to tear? A randomised controlled trial

    House M, Cario G, Jones M.

    British Society of Medicine Journal, January 1984

    9.  Antenatal Foetal Heart rate monitoring-friend of foe?

    Cario G.

    Senior Nurse, January 23rd 1985

Teaching

As a Senior Registrar of West Middlesex Hospital I arranged MRCOG and DRCOG exams as well as being an examiner for final year medical students.

I began my postgraduate teaching career soon after my return from the UK in 1985 when I took up the position of Lecturer in Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Bankstown hospital through the University of NSW. This involved largely teaching undergraduates and RMOs. I was also the local College Training Supervisor for the registrars for 10 years before I moved to St George where I have continued to teach and be a training supervisor for advanced laparoscopic fellows. Thereafter I turned my attention to post fellowship training at SWEC, although I still continue to teach registrars, RMOs and undergraduates and nurses. I am presently involved in the mentoring program for final medical students and the Pre Vocational Obstetrics and Gynaecological Society Workshops to promote advanced endosurgery to medical students and registrars.

Over the last 27 years I have worked to establish a reputation both nationally and internationally for innovation and teaching of advanced laparoscopic surgery. This has been achieved through a network of Australian and overseas surgeons who have participated in the workshops and also the fellows from within Australia and the wider medical community overseas. We have just finished our 80th major workshop since 1996 (around 600 participants) and at present we are training our 50th fellow in laparoscopic surgery. These fellows come from the UK, Europe, Ireland, Israel, India, Asia, Saudi Arabia, USA and from all states in Australia. These connections have allowed my colleagues, fellows and I to present original research at Laparoscopic meetings all around the world and to win prizes against major opposition. It has also resulted in me performing Master classes in Australia and being on the faculty of other renowned Endoscopic units in Australia. I have been lucky enough to be asked to perform workshops and surgery overseas in the UK, India on 5 occasions, Saudi Arabia, China, Singapore, Pakistan, and the Philippines. I am currently preparing an international collaboration based on SWEC surgeons that will involve me carrying the SWEC formula with workshops in many of these countries. This is already allowing us to have an international collaboration with these units to perform multicentre trials.

My position on the board of the Australian Gynaecological Society has allowed me to further my national and international recognition and also help set many of the training guidelines for doctors entering this unofficial subspecialty area that of course runs across all the subspecialty areas. As a board member I was also on the faculty and organizing committee for all of the AGES meetings over recent years. I also helped run one of the first registrar workshops in laparoscopic surgery. This is now and annual event.

Phone

Location

St George Private Hospital
1 South Street
Kogarah NSW 2217