Heavy or abnormal menstrual bleeding can be a symptom of cancer of the uterus or womb in its early stages.
It should be noted that any vaginal bleeding in a woman after the menopause should be promptly brought to medical attention.
An ultrasound will usually alert your doctor to a problem with the lining of the uterus (endometrium). If growths are found a hysteroscopy is usually recommended. This is a very quick and reasonably painless procedure, which involves a small camera, inserted into the cavity of the uterus to see if any problems can be seen and then if problems are found, they can be removed immediately. The method where Surgeons remove the abnormal tissue is called curettage. Here a curette is used to scrape or scoop the mass off the lining of the uterus to ensure all unhealthy tissue is removed.
Depending on the results of the hysteroscopy, further treatment may be advised. Precancerous conditions can be managed with hormonal treatment or, if it is appropriate to the patient, a hysterectomy. Similarly, some very early cancers can also be managed in these ways.